Christology in Isaiah 13
By the time this publishes I'm sure to be past listening to the NASB in audio form. I'm cruising right along and enjoying the things I learn. Some concepts stick, some don't and that's why I'm trying to write about as many as possible.
Following up on my last post (Christology in Isaiah 12) is another look at the depictions of Jesus Christ in the book of Isaiah. This is a fairly historical depiction and has some interesting ramifications for atonement theology. Admittedly, I am pulling this text further away from its historical context than I normally would but I'm offering thoughts not facts,
10 For the stars of heaven and their constellations
Will not flash forth their light;
The sun will be dark when it rises
And the moon will not shed its light.
11 Thus I will punish the world for its evil
And the wicked for their iniquity;
I will also put an end to the arrogance of the proud
And abase the haughtiness of the ruthless.
12 I will make mortal man scarcer than pure gold
And mankind than the gold of Ophir.
13 Therefore I will make the heavens tremble,
And the earth will be shaken from its place
At the fury of the Lord of hosts
In the day of His burning anger. - Isaiah 13:10-13
- Verse 10 might not be too striking at first. This is pretty standard apocalyptic language. Within its historical context this a judgment "concerning Babylon" (Isa 13:1) but indirectly it typologically points to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. I know this might worry some people who think I'm abandoning a safe historical-grammatical. I am not attempting to remove this from its historical context but drawing attention to how the text depicts the coming judgment of Jesus Christ.
- Christ's coming occurs in three forms/ways that ultimately resolve into a complete fulfillment. So while this passage shows hints of the final judgement, the more obvious is the direct interpretation that reflects Luke 24:27. The judgement on Babylon is both historical and reflective of God's judgment against His enemies.
- If Christ's crucifixion is in mind then the punishment of the world (verse 11) makes complete sense of John's proclamations of God's active work on the cross for the entire world (John 1:29; 1 John 2:2). We are left with concern aren't we? If this passage is speaking to the cross then what remains left of judgment at the final judgment? Well I can't answer as much as I can state what I believe this passage might be saying.
- The important "conclusion" to this text is that the heaven and earth will be shaken. This all points to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It is fitting with the Acts 2 fulfillment that points back to Joel 2. For the elect, the cross is the final day of God's fury. But there is more going on here. God's wrath poured out on Christ is the indication He will do so again on the unjust.